The cover is draft
This book has been written for Welsh and all second language learners.
Practice in the Welsh for Adult Service has been provided as a lifelong university service as opposed to a community service that it is. It has been based on the 1950s Skinner behaviourist Wlpan method where learners were required to memorise phrases like parrots. It is a brain-dead method for tutor and learner.
The book is written for all languages, but examples will be in Welsh. Many Welsh grammar books promise that learners can learn the contents in six months. The challenge for learners in learning a new language is taking a proportion of a learner's dictionary and grammar book into the head and reproducing it fluently. It takes years to effectively learn a new language.
One the greatest difficulties in learning languages in United Kingdom is that they are minority languages. French and German are minority languages in the United Kingdom. Welsh and Gaelic are also minority heritage language. Their will be a problem creating fluency and retaining it in them when the language is not all around learners.
When learners stop formally learning their language their capability will either improve or it will degrade. It will not remain the same. The important issue in education is becoming the issue of learning retention.
Although most of the Welsh for Adult service is provided in universities. The service is a further education service. It is not a service for academics. It is primarily providing a Welsh language learning service up to GCSE level and a small proportion go beyond that up to a A Level Welsh standard.
University academic have no legal teaching qualifications. No one would allow unqualified health inspectors to inspect food hygiene. There is evidence Welsh Speaking academics with no legal teaching qualifications are undertaking Estyn inspections in the Welsh for Adult Service.
Maths university academics do not teach subjects up to A-level in further education colleges. Teaching skills are needed in a community further education service, not academic expertise. Schools and further education colleges teachers are intensively trained to teacher in university schools of education. Viewed from a cognitive learning perspective teaching adults and children is not significantly different.
While professional teachers are intensively trained to teach a new language, the university academics attempt to do the same task with feeble training. They do not possess legal teaching qualifications. There evidence the schools of Welsh have been playing being a teacher training colleges for the Welsh for Adult service, but they have had no access to the corporate intelligence that exists in schools of education.
Colin and Klapper (2006) who are authorities on university second language teaching to undergraduates. Twenty-two leading university second language tutoring authorities contributed to their researched book, contended that:-
The Welsh for Adult Service historically been based upon the master apprentice model of learning. "I can speak a language and I will show you how to do it". The is evidence that the academics were awarding PhD's to students for researching their behaviourist methods of tutoring languages.
Coleman and Klapper contended that second language teaching is complex. The problem with ignorance is people do not know what they do not know. There has been a failure of the Welsh Lamguage PhD academics to respect how highly trained professional teachers are. It is a malaise of society that every Tom, Dick and May believe that they can teach.
The Oxford University dictionary claims:-
University academics cannot obtain that status because they have no legal professional teaching qualifications and they have not been to schools of education.
Legally they not teachers. Only those with Q.T.S. or Q.T.L.S. teacher are legal teachers.
All qualifications are legally qualified United Kingdom "Q.T." means qualified teacher.
No other qualification has.
This is what advanced teaching status means:-
University PhD academics do not possess this teaching qualification.
There have been Welsh speakers in Wales playing teaching and researchers.
University academics are not qualified teachers because they have not been schools of education.
The problem with the word teaching is there is ha layman's meaning of the process as opposed to its profession meaning.
There is no evidence the university academics understand the following.
The following podcast by Dick Mortimer is very perceptive. Teachers throughout the United Kingdom can speak English fluently. They need to be intensively trained to speak Welsh. They are no allowed to teach it without intense training. This is what he said:-
Teaching as the Oxford Educational Dictionary states has a general and professional meaning:-
Professional teachers are highly trained as solicitors but they rarely get respect.
There is no currency in university degrees. Many business courses are viewed as Mickey Mouse degrees. It appears that Welsh language degrees do not appear challenging for fluent Welsh speakers.
While solicitors and doctors obtain high fees for offering their professional opinions all professional teachers get is contempt for theirs
Research suggests that 40% of the population believe that pharmacists are glorified shopkeepers who they do not possess a Ph,Ds They having a very highly intelligent people were people's lives in the hands.
Teachers have experience similar contempt because they they do not generally possess a PhD's.
Just because someone has a PhD in the Welsh language does not make them a teaching expert. Any teacher who declared that a method they were using did not suit all learners need as Dr Margaret Newcome claimed would be dismissed.
The Wlpan method was abadoned in the Welsh for Adult Service in 2018.
Professor David Reynolds and Daniel Mujis, are both highly acclaimed professors of education not Welsh contended that:-
The Welsh for Adult Service still appears to be trying to reinvent the educational wheel.
Richard in his 1990 on school second language teacher indicated that good teaching is rather complex and abstract. This why teachers need intensive training in schools of education. Education has moved on greatly since that time.
Welsh for Adult academics are primarily tutoring Welsh up to A'Level, which is at the school level of Welsh Language Lea
It takes 10,000 hours for teacher to reach basic mastery. There are sheep and shepherds in all professions.
It takes a great deal longer for someone to become a leading authority.
There Welsh Language Advisors in school and Welsh Language teacher trainers, who teach Welsh as language to their students, and teacher how to teach Welsh. University academics do not have access to that corporate intelligence.